Papyrus “Berlin 3024″

August 5, 2010

Study by Dimitrios Trimijopulos, retired Master Mariner.

(Part 1 of main article)

The Livings 

Please open pdf file below.

The Livings            

The article continues in part 2 under the title “The Wearies”


“Layman’s review of Allen’s ‘Debate'”, revised September 2014

September 24, 2014

Revised version of the article entitled “Layman’s review of Allen’s ‘Debate'” appearing in this category.

Layman’s review of Allen’s ‘Debate’_Rev.2014.9

Layman’s review of Allen’s “Debate”

September 7, 2014

Word for word translation of the text of Papyrus Berlin 3024, “The Dispute of a man with hisw ba” with paralled review of James P. Allen’s translation of same.

Note: A revised version (September 2014) of the article is available in this category.

Layman’s review of Allen’s ‘Debate’

Mother of gods (“Great Mother”, revised 2014)

August 8, 2014

Mother of gods

The “Dispute: decoded, part 4

August 8, 2014


Final speeches.

Dispute decoded_Part 4_columns 85 to 154

The “Dispute” decoded, part 3

August 5, 2014

With regard to column 67 the following note was added on August 9th 2014

Note: On August 9th I received the following message from Patrick Smith.


I think confusion arises because the phrase n rmT can be evaluated as either a dative with a nominal object (“for people”), or as a prepositional phrase (“to people”); since grammatically, either must come at the end of a clause, the true meaning becomes ambiguous. Allen certainly supports your translation, however (his examples are cited from “The Shipwrecked Sailor”).

The succinct nature of the sentence, and the lack of any further clarifying elements certainly gives ample fuel for debate!


Therefore, I do owe an apology to Lichtheim, Faulkner and Wilson since the phrase  n rmT  can also be translated as “for people”.

Dispute decoded_Part 3_columns 55 to 85

The “Dispute” decoded, part 2

August 2, 2014

Part Two, The second speech of the Ba and of the man. Columns 30 to 55.

Dispute decoded_Part 2_columns 30 to 55

The “Dispute” decoded, part 1.

July 4, 2014

The “Dispute” decoded.

Part One: The first speech of the man, columns 3 to 30.

Dispute decoded_Part 1_columns 3 to 30

The making of heavenly gods

May 4, 2014

Please open pdf file below:

The making of heavenly gods

The making of the soul concept

May 2, 2014


This article presents the procedure by which the soul concept was produced out of forging whatever originals were used by the ancient Egyptian priesthood in the edition of the Pyramid Texts.

The study is based on the 59 passages of the Pyramid Texts which contain the term ba.

Moreover, it is shown that the forging of the texts continued and still continues through modern translations.                 In page 6 of the article a sentence is rendered as “Soul among the spirits”, by Faulkner and as “Ba among the akhs” by James Allen. One need not be an expert to realize that for almost 200 years the terms ba and akh had been translated wrongly and that at this present time the translators still do not know the true meaning of these terms; a fact that renders their translations of the Funerary Texts untrustworthy and useless.

The making of the soul concept

Gods ascending to heaven by ladder

April 9, 2014

Please click on the link below for the pdf file.

Sky Ladder